WHAT IS VEGETARIAN?
A vegetarian is someone who practices a diet of grains, pulses, nuts, seeds, vegetables and fruits with, or without, the use of dairy products and eggs. A vegetarian does not eat any meat, poultry, game, fish, shellfish or by-products of slaughter.
People chose to be vegetarian for environmental, health, ethical and/or religious reasons. Some people want to protect animals. Some religions don’t eat meat. A vegetarian diet can cost less. Some people don’t like the taste of meat.
Choosing to eat a vegetarian diet can lead you to miss out on essential vitamins and minerals. So it is important to plan your meals to include enough protein, vitamin B12, vitamin D and iron, calcium and zinc. There are two types of vegetarians:
· Lacto-ovo vegetarians- people who do not eat any meat or seafood but include dairy foods and plant foods
· Lacto-vegetarians – people who avoid meat, seafood and eggs, but include dairy foods and plant foods
HEALTH BENEFITS OF VEGETARIAN
Research has shown an estimated 70 percent of all diseases, including one-third of all cancers, are related to diet. A vegetarian diet may reduce the risk for chronic degenerative diseases such as obesity, coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and certain types of cancer. Vegetarians also have a low rate of illness.